‘Little Lon’ was the popular name for the slum and red-light district in the Melbourne CBD – roughly bounded by Lonsdale St, Spring St, Exhibition St and La Trobe St. Little Lonsdale St itself ran through the block, and the area was further divided by numerous narrow laneways. ‘Little Lon’ consisted of timber and brick cottages, shops and small factories and was home to an ethnically diverse and generally poor population. Today there are few reminders of the area’s former notoriety. While as many as eight-pubs once co-existed in the area known as Little Lon, the Coopers Inn is the last one standing. Little Lon was a precinct associated with prostitution, petty crime and larrikinism. The numerous narrow back alleys and small cottages of this area housed, by this time, a growing number of prostitutes, An article in the ‘The Argus’ newspaper at the time complained of “females of the lowest and most disreputable class, who pursued their calling with the lowest and most filthy language and conduct”. Little Lon was described at the time by evangelist Henry Varley as “a loathsome centre in which crime, gambling hells, opium dens and degraded Chinese abound, and where hundred of licentious and horribly debased men and women are herded like swine”. These places were “a disgrace to any civilized city on earth”. There are a number of historical walking tours that start and/or finish at the Coopers Inn, so if you want to find out more about ‘Little Lon’, come in and say hi.